All but forgotten in the narratives of Boston and the West End, the Leverett Street Jail has an important story that merits examination and remembrance. Walls of Stone: The Leverett Street Jail—revealed a notable and controversial history.
“The Leverett Street Jail was the epicenter of some of the most contentious social and legal issues of the day,” said Duane Lucia, West End Museum Board President and Curator. “Sadly, its history has been eclipsed by the Charles Street Jail and the loss of Leverett Street to urban renewal.”
Walls of Stone: The Leverett Street Jail explored the institution’s connections to such hotbed issues as capital punishment, slavery and abolitionism, blasphemy, and women’s rights. The Jail was infamous for overcrowding and intermingling inmates with no regard for severity of crime. Seven of 10 women incarcerated there were innocent, arrested purely on the word of others for such offenses as speaking out about politics. Among the institution’s most well-known inmates are:
- -Dr. John Webster, who was ultimately convicted and hanged for the notorious 1849 murder of George Parkman
- -William Lloyd Garrison, abolitionist leader, suffragist and social reformer who was held temporarily for his own protection against an angry mob
- -Don Pedro Gibert, an early 19th century pirate who held the distinction of being the last pirate executed in Boston
- -Abner Kneeland, who preached birth control, women’s property rights and interracial marriage and was the last person in the U.S. convicted of blasphemy
The Leverett Street Jail (1822-1851) was replaced by the Charles Street Jail (1851-1990; now The Liberty Hotel), which was later replaced by the Nashua Street Jail (1990-present).
Exhibit and Design copyright Duane Lucia.